As the saying goes Knowledge is power. It is important to read not just for examinations or for coming out successful in school but thirst for knowledge and information should be there always.
Seeking for information is key when trying to gain knowledge and the only way to empower oneself is to first know all information sources. There are several types of information sources either in the library or other centers.
An information source is a medium through which information can be communicated or simply anything that might inform a person about something or provide knowledge about it. There are three types of information sources which can be found in libraries namely; primary, secondary and tertiary sources.
Primary sources; these gives you first hand information. They include things like: Diaries, Letters, works of fiction, Autobiographies, Art objects, Research articles written by those who performed the research, artifacts, data, interviews, blog posts and newspaper articles written by reporter who witnessed the event.
Secondary sources: these are works that easily define primary sources. They analyze, critique, report, summarize, interpret or restructure the original work. Secondary sources are useful for getting an overview of a topic. The references found in secondary sources can also help you find primary sources. In many cases, the papers written will be secondary sources.
Secondary source of information involve text books, bibliographies, dissertations, journal articles, monographs (short detailed publication on a specific subject or specific topic) and biographies.
Tertiary Information sources: This presents summaries or condensed versions of materials, usually with references back to the primary and/or secondary sources. They can be a good place to look up facts or get a general overview of a subject, but they rarely contain original material. They include bibliographies, manuals, chronologies, Directory, dictionary and guide books.
There are other sources also that one can easily access information, major one is the internet.
Internet; the internet is essentially made up of millions of computers all over the world that are linked together in a network that allows people to exchange information. It contains digital books, scholarly journals, magazines articles, newspaper articles and even videos of information. All the above information can best be accessed in libraries. To access all these information sources, librarians are of great help as they are experts in finding any material in the library. They can help you find the sources that you will cite, library service desks helps in identifying the right tools to find information. Visit the KICD library for more information on library resources.
Courtesy; Joseph Mwanzo - Librarian
The KICD Human Resource division has initiated the process of reviewing the human resource manual. The HR manual is a key document that guides the execution of HR functions within the Institute. The changes have been occasioned by requirements of Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission (EACC), that all staff be vetted.
EACC targets that all officers working in the civil service demonstrate highest level of integrity while discharging their duties. The level of integrity comprises of observing working hours, efficient service delivery, and demonstrating ethical behavior while on duty.
The HR division has appealed to staff members to give their views during this crucial exercise. HR Manual is a collection of corporate policies and guidelines developed to assist hr professionals with daily human resource management activities.
Functions of HR manual
Some of the most important functions regulated by the manual include:
Recruitment and Selection; this function touches on appointments of staff to various positions. According to the KICD HR manual, the appointing authority is the Council which approves all recruitments. Whenever a vacancy arises the Human resource division advises the CEO who then seeks the approval of the Council before recruitment commences.
Performance management; this is about creating cordial working environment for employees.It also determines circumstances under which an employee is disciplined in the eventuality that the set performance is not achieved as desired.
Disciplinary control; this is a function that controls employee behavior and ethics within the workplace. The Human resource can discipline an employee for failing to adhere to the set code of conduct i.e dressing, office etiquette and general discipline within the workplace. Whenever an employee behaves out of the expected conduct, they are first given warning and given time to change. If they do not improve then due process of discipline is followed.
Time and attendance: this is a function that regulates the working hours of employees within the Institute. Working hours within KICD are between 8 a.m – 5 p. m. those who work in shifts are regulated by the various heads of the particular sections.
Separation; this provides guidelines and procedures for the separation of a staff from employment of the Institute. Separation of employment is either voluntary or involuntary.
A voluntary separation is one that results when an employee leaves the Institute employment at his/her own initiative through resignation or retirement. An involuntary separation is one initiated by the employer, and may arise as a result of several reasons, including disciplinary, or dismissal due to public interest.
Stakeholders converged at the KICD auditorium to discuss the Basic Education Regulations. This is the second meeting to take place in a bid to draw the regulations that are set to operationalize the Basic Education Act.
Stakeholders present included the Ministry of Education and Science and Technology (MOEST), Kenya National Union of Teachers (KNUT), County Directors of Education, the Kenya National Association of Parents (KNAP). KPA chairman Musau Ndunda raised some issues with the constitution of the curriculum committee to coordinate co-curricular activities in the document which led to some healthy debate among the stakeholders.
“It is important to separate mobilization of funds from the running of curriculum when contributing to the debate on the constitution of the Co-curricular board.” said KNUT secretary general Wilson Sossion.
Stakeholders discussed the wording of certain clauses while reading through each point thoroughly to ensure that there was no wrong impression.
This point was further emphasized when a member pointed out that the wording gave the wrong impression. They differed on the change of term dates from September to January and raised the logistical problems that would be experienced as a result. Ministry of Education Communications Officer Mr. Kennedy Bukhere cited that it would be a logistical nightmare with cost implications that are not factored in as children would be forced to stay in a class for longer periods or national exams would have to be suspended for a time in order to allow for the implementation of the new term dates.
The reason why the term dates were to be changed was as a result of a recommendation made by the Odhiambo report with the main reason given being the government fiscal year and the time taken to release funds for free primary education. “Just because a recommendation was made does not mean that it has to be implemented” recommended Mr. Sossion.
The stakeholders concluded that changing the term dates would have a ripple effect across the country as so many other sectors such as universities would be affected. The curriculum would have to be reviewed also as the exam dates would have to be changed. They were able to come up with far reaching suggestions which would be included in the review of the Basic Regulation Act which is currently under review.
Dr. Julius Ouma Jwan has been appointed the new KICD Director/Chief Executive. Making the announcement last Friday 31st October 2014, KICD Council chair Prof. Peter kinyanjui said the appointment comes after months of waiting.
The appointment follows the expiry of Dr. Lydia Nzomo’s term on 30th June 2014. Dr. Jwan takes over from Ms. Mercy Karogo who has held the position on an acting capacity
“On behalf of the KICD council I am delighted to announce the appointment of Dr. Julius Ouma Jwan as Director and Chief Executive of Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development” said Prof. Kinyanjui during the senior staff briefing to introduce Dr. Jwan.
Dr. Jwan is the current Director Programmes and Technical Services at the National Cohesion and integration Commission. He comes with a wealth of experience in the field of academia and governance. He has a Doctorate Degree, three master’s degrees and a lot of experience in education having been a lecturer for a long period of time.
The Chairman in his announcement was confident that the new Director with his enthusiasm in curriculum matters is ready to serve the Institute diligently and promote a high standard of curriculum development.
“Over the coming weeks, Dr. Jwan is expected to take time and interact with the institute’s staff members and learn about them” said Prof. Kinyanjui.
On his part, Dr. Jwan thanked the council for giving him the opportunity to serve KICD as the CEO. He at the same time asked for cooperation among the management who were present to enable the Institute realize its mandate.
“I am one among many, I expect commitment and support from the staff, and your support will help us get a curriculum that suits this country” Dr. Jwan said.
The chairman at the same time thanked Madam Karogo for the good work she has done by holding the Institute together for the four month period. Ms. Karogo took over from Dr. Lydia Nzomo as acting director from the 1st of July 2014 to the time of announcement of the new CEO. Upon her retirement from KICD, Dr. Nzomo has since been nominated by President Uhuru Kenyatta as the new Chairperson for teachers’ service commission. Dr. Nzomo had served the Institute as the Director since 2005.
Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development (KICD) participated in conference to chart ways on providing quality education for the deaf children. The two day conference was held in conjunction with the Kenya Society for the Deaf Children (KSDC) who were the organizers and the Ministry of Education Science and Technology (MoEST).
Education Cabinet Secretary Prof. Jacob Kaimenyi who presided over the opening session said the government will provide the necessary support to ensure that no single child is denied his/her absolute right to education.
“It is our collective responsibility to ensure that learners with disabilities and other special needs in education receive equitable access to quality education and professional services that meet their specific and individual needs.” Said Kaimenyi during the event that took place between the 20th and 22nd August 2014 took place at the KICD auditorium.
KSDC national chairman Mr. Francis Nganga said the society had invested a lot in the education, health and general welfare of the deaf children since its formation in the year 1958.
Mr. Nganga said that the conference aim was to address the performance of the hearing impaired children in national exams which places them at a disadvantage in accessing the opportunities granted to persons with disabilities by the constitution.
KICD was presented by Mr. Francis Nduati a curriculum developer and expert in special needs education who took the audience through an overview of the curriculum development process. He said KICD has established a section that will deal with issues that are related to learners with special needs in the curriculum. The section will advocate for a curriculum and curriculum support materials for learners with special needs. He also gave the different types of curricular that were suitable for learners with hearing impairment. These include the adopted, adapted, specialist and specialized curricular.
Officers from the Kenya National Examination Council (KNEC) who was also part of the facilitators; discussed the challenges in examining special needs learners. Some of the challenges mentioned by the KNEC officers were lack of resources for Kenya Sign Language, poor infrastructure, insufficient government funding and non commitment to Special Needs Education.
Kenya National Union Teachers (KNUT) Secretary General Mr. Wilson Sossion who closed the conference urged KICD to work towards developing curriculum that is specifically tailored to meet the needs of hearing impaired learners. He also urged KNEC to rank this category of learners when releasing exams due to the difficulties they undergo in learning.
Also in attendance were the Director Quality Assurance and Standards Mr. Mohammed Mwinyipembe, the Education Secretary Madam Leah Rotich and Kenya Society for the Deaf Children Director Mr. Makarius Kathenya.
A meeting to discuss the draft basic education regulations was held at the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development on 29th August 2014.
The second meeting brought together different stakeholders in the education sector including the Kenya Literature Bureau (KLB), Kenya National Union of Teachers (KNUT), and Kenya Schools of Heads Association (KESHA), Kenya Education Management Institute (KEMI) and the Teachers Service Commission (TSC).
Education PS’s Prof Belio Kipsang and his Higher Education counterpart Prof Collete Suda were present in the meeting. The first meeting was held last month where the participants had received the draft to go and study.
The Basic Education Regulations seeks to streamline the provision of basic education by ensuring that there are clear guidelines on all matters pertaining to the governance and administration of schools whether public or private.
It also seeks to clearly define the different roles to be undertaken by each party which makes it easy for one to be able to fulfill their mandate.
The meeting was to allow the stakeholders to debate discuss and comment on the draft which they had already received.
The stakeholders were taken through the sections of the draft giving them a picture of what was included before the stakeholders were able to present their views on any sections that they did not agree with. All the stakeholders gave a short overview of any changes they desired before presenting their memorandums to the Ministry of Education.
The Ministry of Education Science and Technology (MoeST) has initiated a national volunteer programme dubbed “Kenya Future Leaders Programme”.
The programme will promote national cohesion, will improve educational outcomes for children in over 15,000 primary schools across the country, and will create enriching opportunities for over 30,000 unemployed Kenyan youth.
It is expected that through the programme, more than 15,000 primary schools will enhance their educational skills. The function was held at the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development (KICD) on Monday the 18th of August 2014. KICD acting Director Ms Mercy Karogo welcomed the guests at the Institute and assured participants of the Institute’s support towards the programme.
Education Cabinet Secretary Prof Jacob Kaimenyi said the prestigious programme will recruit recent university graduates who are unemployed to serve as community Education Assistants in primary schools.
“It is time for education sector to make a difference literally and work together for our future leaders. You must believe and be passionate for KFLP to succeed. Let’s own it,” Said Kaimenyi.
Education Permanent Secretary Belio Kipsang on his part those selected will also serve as teachers’ aides and education ambassadors in the selected schools.
KNUT Secretary General Wilson who was also in attendance said that the programme will help the village youth polytechnics and tackle the teacher shortage issue in schools. “Kenyans are known for rolling out good initiatives but they don’t follow it to the latter only for the idea to be adopted by other countries and they turn out a total success in other countries, let’s adopt this programme because it promotes national cohesion,” said Sossion.
Chairperson Kenya’s Future Leaders Programme (KFLP) Mr. Nixon Korir said the programme is modelled on effective government run programme that have successfully achieved impact at scale.
The programme brought together the primary head teachers from Siaya, Kisumu, Garrisa, Busia, Nyeri, West Pokot Counties. Garrissa County had the most attendance in the forum.
Plans are underway to introduce Chinese language in primary and secondary schools under a partnership between Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development and Kenyatta University.
The collaboration to be undertaken by the Confucius Institute of China makes Kenya the second country in Africa to introduce Chinese as a foreign language in the schools national curriculum after Zambia.
KICD Director Dr. Lydia Nzomo said Chinese language will be the first foreign language to be introduced in the Kenyan curriculum at an early stage. This, she said, is to enable early mastery of the language at a lower level.
“Most schools teach French and German at secondary level and mostly students’ leave form four without mastering these languages at that leave,” said Dr. Nzomo.
Dr. Nzomo said certain schools in Kenya already offer the language but lack a proper teaching curriculum to offer the same. “We can all speak English but we cannot say that we can all be English teachers,” she said.
She was speaking at Kenyatta University during the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding to introduce Chinese teaching. KICD, she said is working on the development of a curriculum for those who wish to teach Chinese.
“We have already worked on the needs assessment tools which have been taken to the course panel and will soon be forwarded to the Institute’s Academic Committee,” she said.
The academic committee will then forward the curriculum to the Ministry of Education whereby now the process becomes a government project.
Present during the meeting were KU Vice Chancellor Prof Olive Mugenda and Wu Sheng Zheng, Director Chinese at Confucius Institute among other senior university staff.
Prof. Mugenda said the University will support the research of Chinese language alongside other local and foreign languages.
“KU has started the construction of the Centre for International language sponsored by the Chinese Government,” said Prof Mugenda.
Prof. Mugenda affirmed that KU will provide technical support by advising KICD where necessary. She added that the university will act as a bridge between KICD and China due to the cordial relationship the university has built with the Chinese.
KICD was named second runners up in diversity and transformation at the 2013 Gender and Disability Mainstreaming Award. The award was presented to KICD during the 2nd Gender and Disability Development Awards Gala Dinner hosted at the Laico Regency Hotel on 25th October 2013. A team led by KICD Senior Assistant Director for Special Needs Education Mrs. Beth Kahunthia was at hand to receive the award on behalf of the Institute. The team later presented the award to KICD Director Dr. Lydia Nzomo.
The awards seek to celebrate institutions and individuals who have supported the implementation of Gender and Disability Mainstreaming Programmes. The awards also seek to celebrate institutions that are ahead of the curve in embracing diversity.
KICD scooped the ward for having supported the implementation of viable gender and disability mainstreaming. This was well indicated by the gender workplace policy, sexual harassment policy, a conducive workplace accessibility of persons with disability and incorporating gender and disability in the national curriculum.
The ceremony was organized by The Gender and Disability Development Centre in collaboration with the Ministry of Devolution and planning, the National Gender and Equality Commission and the National Council for Persons with Disabilities (NCPWDs). The event brought together Organizations from all cadres of Government, Public and Private Institutions.